Shrubs

Coyote Bush | A Perennial Evergreen Shrub and Garden Border Plant

Coyote Bush | A Perennial Evergreen Shrub and Garden Border Plant

Dwarf Coyote Brush flowering in the garden at Fair Oaks Horticulture Center in Sacramento County, Calif. Photo by J. Smith. Creative Commons.

 

Coyote Brush (or Bush), Chaparral Broom, and Bush Baccharis are all common names of baccharis pilularis, a mounding, spreading evergreen shrub native to the coastal and inland regions of California, Washington and Oregon. It is hardy to USDA zones 8-10, deer resistant and is very easy to grow.  Coyote Bush grows from 1 to 10 feet in height and 8 to 12 feet spread. The leaves are light green in color and round. The plants produce blooms in all seasons and produce cream, yellow and white flowers which attract bees. The branches also provide shelter for birds, butterflies and moths.

Baccharis Pilularis prefers full sun/part shade and can tolerate many soil types including sandy, clay and alkaline soils.  Coyote Bush has low watering needs and naturalizes easily. The shrub can be shaped up to have a tree like appearance. There are several dwarf varieties that are perfect as low hedges, groundcovers (prune annually to maintain neat appearance) or bank stabilizers. It is best to buy nursery plants or propagate your own cuttings. Baccharis Pilularis generally does not have pest or disease problems but it is common to wasp galls on the leaves of the plant.

Baccharis Pilularis can be included in any butterfly, bird, bee gardens for its versatile and visual qualities.

 

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